This is the "Background Info" page of the "Economics Research Guide" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

Economics Research Guide   Tags: econlit, econometrics, economics, statistics  

resources for library and other research related to courses in Economics at SUNY New Paltz
Last Updated: Aug 25, 2014 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Background Info Print Page

Consult authoritative sources for an overview of your topic

Cover Art
The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History - Joel Mokyr (Editor); Oxford University Press Staff (Contribution by)
Call Number: Reference Collection HC15 .O94 2003
ISBN: 0195170903
Publication Date: 2003-06-01

Cover Art
International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences - William A. Darity
Call Number: Reference Collection H40.A2 I5 2008
ISBN: 9780028659657
Publication Date: 2007-11-09

Cover Art
Distinguished Women Economists - James Cicarelli; Julianne Cicarelli
Call Number: Reference Collection HB76 .C53 2003
ISBN: 0313303312
Publication Date: 2003-10-30

What is a "literature review?"

Literature reviews give your readers an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic or idea and also demonstrates how your research fits into the field of education.

Background Information

Use authoritative reference sources for  background information:


Sample Topics

What is the impact of U.S. cotton subsidies on cotton exports of developing countries? (esp., Brazil)

What is the impact of changes in marginal tax rates on government revenues? (tax evasion?)

  • For the second we might consult an online reference source, such as Gale Virtual Reference Libraryfor basic definitions:


    A tax consists of a rate and a base. Because income is the base for the income tax, a central question is: What constitutes income? Different theoretical concepts of income exist in economics, accounting, and taxation. The base of income to which the federal income tax rate structure applies is taxable income as constitutionally and statutorily defined. Thus, the concept of taxable income is grounded in theory and modified by political dynamics and administrative concerns.

    From its modern introduction in 1913, the rate structure for the individual income tax has been progressive, meaning that tax rates graduate upward as the base of taxable income increases. Different tax rates apply to ranges of income, called brackets. Over time, the number of brackets and tax rates that apply to them have varied greatly. The tax rate applied to the last dollar of taxable income earned by a taxpayer is called the marginal tax rate. Total income tax as a percentage of total taxable income is the average tax rate, whereas total income tax as a percentage of total economic income is the effective tax rate.


    Topic overview

    Income Tax, History of

    Encyclopedia of Business and Finance

    Ed. Burton S. Kaliski. Vol. 2. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2001. p453-456. COPYRIGHT 2001 Macmillan Reference USA, COPYRIGHT 2006 Gale, Cengage Learning JEAN E. HARRIS


Loading  Loading...